Navigation at sea was made easier by the invention of the compass and Shen Kuo 's treatise of the 11th century on the concept of true north (with magnetic declination towards the North Pole ). Finally, he confessed under guarded watch that he had slandered the emperor in his poems. 71 He gathered to his side ministers who were loyal to his policies and cause, an elite social coalition known as the New Policies Group Xin Fa).
History of the: Skype sex adressen gratis sexchatA b c Ebrey., 163. 112 Although the now small Jin state attempted to defend against the Mongols and even fought battles with the Song in 12, the Jin were attacked by the Mongols again in 1229 with the ascension of Ögedei Khan. 32 Although he retained some unique Tangut customs and had a Tangut script created, Li's administration followed the traditional Chinese model of bureaus.
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|Naakte meiden nl sex den bosch||Jurchen invasions and the transition to Southern Song edit Main articles: JinSong Wars and Timeline Jingkang Incident edit Main article: Jingkang Incident Before the arrival of the Jurchens the Song dynasty was for centuries engaged in a stand-off against the Western Xia and the Khitan. McGrath (2008 152, 157158 McGrath (2008 157158. Innovative military tactics, such as defending supply lines across floating pontoon bridges led to success in battle such as the Song assault hoeren in vlaardingen mooie zweedse vrouwen against the Southern Tang state while crossing the Yangzi River in 974.|